SMTP Connection

SMTP client module to connect to SMTP servers and send mail with it.

This module is the successor for the client part of the (now deprecated) SMTP module simplesmtp. For matching SMTP server see smtp-server.

Usage

Step 1. Install Nodemailer with npm

smtp-connection is exposed as a submodule of Nodemailer

npm install nodemailer --save

Step 2. Require smtp-connection in your script

const SMTPConnection = require('nodemailer/lib/smtp-connection');

Step 3. Create SMTPConnection instance

let connection = new SMTPConnection(options);

Where

  • options defines connection data

    • options.port is the port to connect to (defaults to 25 or 465)
    • options.host is the hostname or IP address to connect to (defaults to ‘localhost’)
    • options.secure defines if the connection should use SSL (if true) or not (if false)
    • options.ignoreTLS turns off STARTTLS support if true
    • options.requireTLS forces the client to use STARTTLS. Returns an error if upgrading the connection is not possible or fails.
    • options.opportunisticTLS tries to use STARTTLS and continues normally if it fails
    • options.name optional hostname of the client, used for identifying to the server
    • options.localAddress is the local interface to bind to for network connections
    • options.connectionTimeout how many milliseconds to wait for the connection to establish
    • options.greetingTimeout how many milliseconds to wait for the greeting after connection is established
    • options.socketTimeout how many milliseconds of inactivity to allow
    • options.logger optional bunyan compatible logger instance. If set to true then logs to console. If value is not set or is false then nothing is logged
    • options.transactionLog if set to true, then logs SMTP traffic without message content
    • options.debug if set to true, then logs SMTP traffic and message content, otherwise logs only transaction events
    • options.authMethod defines preferred authentication method, e.g. ‘PLAIN’
    • options.tls defines additional options to be passed to the socket constructor, e.g. {rejectUnauthorized: true}
    • options.socket - initialized socket to use instead of creating a new one
    • options.connection - connected socket to use instead of creating and connecting a new one. If secure option is true, then socket is upgraded from plaintext to ciphertext

Events

SMTPConnection instances are event emitters with the following events

  • ‘error’ (err) emitted when an error occurs. Connection is closed automatically in this case.
  • ‘connect’ emitted when the connection is established
  • ‘end’ when the instance is destroyed

connect

Establish the connection

connection.connect(callback)

Where

  • callback is the function to run once the connection is established. The function is added as a listener to the ‘connect’ event.

After the connect event the connection has the following properties:

  • connection.secure - if true then the connection uses a TLS socket, otherwise it is using a cleartext socket. Connection can start out as cleartext but if available (or requireTLS is set to true) connection upgrade is tried

login

If the server requires authentication you can login with

connection.login(auth, callback)

Where

  • auth is the authentication object

    • credentials is a normal authentication object
    • credentials.user is the username
    • credentials.pass is the password
    • oauth2 if set then forces smtp-connection to use XOAuth2 for authentication
    • oauth2.user is the username
    • oauth2.clientId is the OAuth2 Client ID
    • oauth2.clientSecret is the OAuth2 Client Secret
    • oauth2.refreshToken is the refresh token to generate new access token if needed
    • oauth2.accessToken is the access token
  • callback is the callback to run once the authentication is finished. Callback has the following arguments

    • err and error object if authentication failed

send

Once the connection is authenticated (or just after connection is established if authentication is not required), you can send mail with

connection.send(envelope, message, callback)

Where

  • envelope is the envelope object to use

    • envelope.from is the sender address
    • envelope.to is the recipient address or an array of addresses
    • envelope.size is an optional value of the predicted size of the message in bytes. This value is used if the server supports the SIZE extension (RFC1870)
    • envelope.use8BitMime if true then inform the server that this message might contain bytes outside 7bit ascii range
    • envelope.dsn is the dsn options
    • envelope.dsn.ret return either the full message ‘FULL’ or only headers ‘HDRS’
    • envelope.dsn.envid sender’s ‘envelope identifier’ for tracking
    • envelope.dsn.notify when to send a DSN. Multiple options are OK - array or comma delimited. NEVER must appear by itself. Available options: ‘NEVER’, ‘SUCCESS’, ‘FAILURE’, ‘DELAY’
    • envelope.dsn.orcpt original recipient
  • message is either a String, Buffer or a Stream. All newlines are converted to \r\n and all dots are escaped automatically, no need to convert anything before.

  • callback is the callback to run once the sending is finished or failed. Callback has the following arguments

    • err and error object if sending failed
    • err.code string code identifying the error, for example ‘EAUTH’ is returned when authentication fails
    • err.response is the last response received from the server (if the error is caused by an error response from the server)
    • err.responseCode is the numeric response code of the response string (if available)
    • info information object about accepted and rejected recipients
    • info.accepted an array of accepted recipient addresses. Normally this array should contain at least one address except when in LMTP mode. In this case the message itself might have succeeded but all recipients were rejected after sending the message.
    • info.rejected an array of rejected recipient addresses. This array includes both the addresses that were rejected before sending the message and addresses rejected after sending it if using LMTP
    • info.rejectedErrors if some recipients were rejected then this property holds an array of error objects for the rejected recipients
    • info.response is the last response received from the server

quit

Use it for graceful disconnect

connection.quit();

close

Use it for less graceful disconnect

connection.close();

reset

Use it to reset current session (invokes RSET command)

connection.reset(callback);

License

MIT